Early in 2006 I was quoted €450 for the provision and installation of a TV aerial to my house.
I thought this was outrageous for essentially putting a bit of wire mesh on the roof, so I decided
to learn a little and to do it myself. Here are my findings:

I am one of the 15% of the population that can receive UK channels through terrestrial TV,
and in Longford (and the surrounding counties of Cavan, Monaghan, Leitrim, Roscommon and Westmeath),
one can receive 112MHz of info over 14 UHF channels, from 2 transmitters:

Brougher Mountain
UHF channelChannelSub Channels
22BBC1 
23MUXAfive, discovery, television x, BBC radio 4, ...
25ITV1 
26MUXBBBC4, CBeebies, ...
28BBC2 
29MUXCSky three, Sky news, E4+1, UKTV History...
30MUX1BBC3, BBC News 24, ...
32CH4  
33MUXDftn, Film4, The Hits, BBC world service, ...
34MUX2ITV[1-4], Channel 4, More 4, ...
Cairn Hill
UHF channelChannelSub Channels
40RTE1 
43NET2 
46TV3 
50TG4 

Which Aerial?

A wideband aerial that can cater for all 49 UHF channels allocated to TV, will not have as good of
gain as an aerial designed for a narrower band of frequencies. Generally a transmitter will transmit
in a narrow band of frequencies so that people in an area can get an aerial better tuned to those
frequencies which both gives a better picture and better ignores transmissions from any neighbouring transmitters.

The one I want given the table above is group A as it does UHF channels 21-37.
Note I'm biasing towards the Brougher Mountain transmitter as that
is the farthest away and has the most content (that I'm interested in at least).
The Cairn Hill transmitter is only 5 miles away and is the most powerful in Ireland (at 800kW)
while the Brougher Mountain transmitter is about 60 miles away and only 100kW,
so I am able to pick up the Cairn Hill transmissions even with a group A aerial.
I suppose one could combine a group K aerial and group A aerial if farther away
from Cairn Hill than I. Group K is designed for UHF channels 22-50 and so should also
give the Brougher Mountain transmissions a bit of a boost.

I went for the Hirschmann FESA 817 N 37 which is the best group A aerial apparently, and
I was able to source this and all other components (pole, brackets, ...) locally in Crossans in Longford town.

So how to mount the aerial? Note both transmitters above transmit in the horizontal plane,
so we need the aerial in the same plane. I.E. the elements should be horizontal as can be seen
in the picture below. Also you point the small end at the transmitter, so the transmitter
is to the left of the picture below.

DTT (DVB-T) (Freeview) reception

The minimum required reception power for UHF Analogue TV is 58dBuV
(slightly higher is required for UHF channels above group A (Band IV)),
while for UHF DTT it is 32dBuV (45dBuV is recommended).

Even though we require much less signal to receive the DTT stations, Brougher Mountain
transmits all DTT stations at just 500W (to protect RTÉ services in Donegal),
which is 23dB lower than the analogue channels' power.
Now DTT is designed to support transmission at 20dB lower, so reception is problematic.
In summary I can't receive MUX2 on my PVR, but the others are fine.
Following is a table with the signal strengths reported by my PVR, which shows that
I can probably tweak things to get all MUXes over the reception threshold (60% on this PVR at least).
Note it suggests here that the power will be increased in 2011?

UHF channelMUXSignal strength%Modulation
23A6364QAM
26B6016QAM
29C5816QAM
3015816QAM
33D5516QAM
3425164QAM

As for digital broadcasts from Cairn Hill, I'll probably be waiting until the EU deadline of 2012.
Note transmitters in Dublin and Louth will start trialling DTT in August 2006.
© May 23 2006